What is Database Synchronization?

This article illustrated different database synchronization types.

What is Database Synchronization?

Database synchronization ensures data consistency between two or more databases. In the simplest case, changes to the source database are applied to the target database.

NOTE: Each database table should have a "Primary Key" that uniquely identifies one and only one row. This greatly simplifies data maintenance and speeds up the synchronization process.

In this article, you can find information on the different types of synchronization:

  • Insert Synchronization
  • Update Synchronization
  • Drop Synchronization
  • Mixed Synchronization

Insert Database Synchronization

New records from the source table will be copied to the target table if there are no matching records with identical primary key values. As a result of the database synchronization process, the missing rows will be inserted into the target tables.

The following diagram illustrates the "Insert Synchronization Process."

Insert Database Synchronization

Update Database Synchronization

When making changes to the source database, the corresponding changes must be made to the target database. The synchronizer keeps track of the values ​​of the table rows. The changed records will then be replaced in the target tables to confirm the identity between the two tables. As a result of update synchronization, all of your data in the source and destination is constantly updated.

The figure below shows the update synchronization process.

Update Database Synchronization

Drop Database Synchronization

If some records have been removed from the source, the corresponding records must be removed from the destination. These obsolete records will be dropped from the target if they do not exist at the source.

The Drop sync process is shown schematically below.

Drop Database Synchronization

Mixed Database Synchronization

For example, you made changes to your original tables, added completely new records, and removed obsolete rows. To keep your databases up to date, you must add, delete, and update these relevant records in the target database.

Check all the "Insert Sync," "Update Sync," and "Drop Sync" options to get the identical source and target databases.

Mixed Database Synchronization

The figure below shows how the insert, update and delete synchronization options in DBSync Tools work together.

How mixed db sync options work together 

DBSync database synchronization tools can also perform bi-directional synchronization and keep data up-to-date between different databases.

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